The Biden administration’s goal spelled out in the 2022 National Security Strategy (NSS) is to create a free, open, prosperous, and secure international order. With the interconnected world facing a period of uncertainty, the 2022 NSS underscores that American leadership should emerge greater than ever to tackle daunting challenges on multiple fronts. The document outlines three lines of efforts to achieve this goal. To elaborate, it pledges to: 1) “invest in the underlying resources and tools of American power and influence; 2) build the strongest possible coalition of nations to enhance the U.S.’ collective influence to shape the global strategic environment and to solve shared challenges; and 3) modernize and strengthen the military so it is equipped for the era of strategic competition with major powers.”
The 2022 NSS fleshes out six key pillars to achieve the Biden administration’s overarching strategic goals as follows: First, the Biden administration seeks to break down the dividing line between foreign policy and domestic policy. Second, the U.S.’ alliances and partnerships around the world are its most important strategic asset and an indispensable element contributing to international peace and stability. Third, this strategy recognizes that China presents America’s most consequential geopolitical challenge. Fourth, the administration will avoid the temptation to see the world solely through the prism of strategic competition and will continue to engage countries on their own terms. And it will pursue an affirmative agenda to advance peace and security and to promote prosperity in every region. Fifth, an adjustment to globalization is now required to cope with dramatic global changes such as widening inequality within and among countries, China’s emergence as both the U.S.’ most consequential competitor and one of its largest trading partners, and emerging technologies that fall outside the bounds of existing rules and regulations. Finally, to preserve and increase international cooperation in an age of competition, the administration will pursue a dual-track approach. On one track, the U.S. will cooperate with any country, including its geopolitical rivals. On the other track, the U.S. will deepen cooperation with democracies and other like-minded states.
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