The U.S. under President Biden is mobilizing its national capabilities and resources in the full scope to accelerate progress with artificial intelligence (AI) because AI will be the most critical variable that will determine the outcome of the U.S.-China technological competition. Moreover, AI has a far-reaching impact on the military, economy, and industry of countries around the world, as well as their political systems, values, and norms.
The U.S., which appears to be anxious about China’s rapid pace of AI development, is recalibrating AI policies and initiatives in consideration of its national security interests. The Biden administration is fleshing out comprehensive policies by launching various institutions and committees in each government agency to implement the U.S. national AI strategy and enacting laws to enhance the country’s AI capabilities.
The Biden administration’s national initiative to enhance AI capabilities is shifting from a ‘technical dimension’ to a ‘strategic one.’ This is because Washington’s strategic thinkers view that the technological advancements China and Russia have achieved do not simply pose threats to America’s technology leadership, but could erode its leadership on political, social, and psychological fronts for years to come. For instance, the U.S. regards that cyberattacks and disinformation campaign masterminded by China and Russia using AI and the adoption and use of authoritarian AI technology threaten American democracy, society, and the democratic bloc politically and militarily.
The Biden administration’s national AI policy primarily aims to strengthen American leadership in AI while bolstering democratic values and political systems around the world.
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