Addressing climate change is a global challenge that demands innovative solutions and financing mechanisms to ensure a just transition in Africa. Africa is the world’s smallest contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions, but it is the most vulnerable to climate change. While promoting green growth is of utmost importance, building climate resilience in Africa comes at a high cost. Due to the significant climate financing gap in the region, mobilizing resources for investing in climate solutions requires innovation in financing structures. African countries that are low-income, highly indebted, or with insufficient fiscal capacity can benefit from innovative solutions such as green bonds, debt-for-climate swap, and reallocation of Special Drawing Rights. Furthermore, private sector needs to scale up its investment to supplement limited public resources. Blended finance can be used as a catalyst to attract private investments for climate-related projects. Additionally, natural capital accounting, valuating the economic worth of natural assets and ecosystems, is increasingly being used in decision-making processes for countries and businesses to comprehend the environmental impacts of their activities and reduce risks. The rapidly expanding African population and abundant renewable energy and mineral resources make sustainable development essential for the continent’s interests. Hence, it is crucial for the international community to strongly support African countries’ efforts in this regard by introducing innovative financing schemes for a just transition for Africa, reconciling the continent’s development needs and climate obligations.
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