As the global complex crisis in the international community grows, the paradigm of international development cooperation is also facing a major change. This is because international development conditions have rapidly deteriorated since the COVID-19 pandemic. To make matters worse, the strategic competition between the U.S. and China and the Russia-Ukraine war are weakening the international cooperation and solidarity in many areas, including pandemic response, and active responses and policy efforts are needed to integrate into the traditional economic development paradigm.
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